1. Are all motor carriers required to use electronic logging devices (ELD's)?
No. Motor carriers that stay within 100 air miles, use vehicles manufactured prior to 2000, driveaway-towaway operations or are not required to complete a record of duty status report more than 8 days in a 30-day period can still use paper logbooks.
2. Can drivers use personal conveyance while laden?
Yes, with limits. Refer to 395.8 question #26 guidance. You can also see the news release on the FMCSA website for 05/31/2018.